Can Toads Breathe Underwater? 3 Scientific Ways

Can Toads Breath Underwater? Understanding the Toad

Can Toads Breathe Underwater / Absorb Oxy Thru Skin

Toads Can Breathe in the following Manners / Depending on Activity Levels

  • Underwater they Normally Breath Through their Skin
  • Can absorb air underwater through their skins
  • Can absorb air from thick mud through their skins
  • Under high activity will brink in air through their nostrils and Mouth
  • On Land, They can Breath Through Mouth and Nostruils / Their Lungs are not well developed

Can Toads Breathe Underwater?  Toads are found in fields, forests, and orchards. Like all amphibians, toads breathe through their skin as well as their lungs. When the Toad is inactive, the skin usually absorbs enough oxygen to meet its needs, and breathing through the skin, known as cutaneous respiration, occurs underwater. During and after activity, a toad often actively increases oxygen supply by breathing air into his lungs. Unlike mammals, toads do not breathe regularly but bring air to their lungs when needed. The air enters the toads’ mouth through its nostrils, and by raising the floor of its mouth, the Toad forces the air into its lungs.  Many frogs and toads can even breathe through thick mud during hibernation.
How amphihbians Breathe

Like all amphibians, toads breathe through their skin as well as with their lungs. When a toad is inactive, the skin usually absorbs enough oxygen to meet its needs. During and after activity, a toad often supplements its oxygen supply by actively breathing air into its lungs. Unlike mammals, amphibians do not make regular and rhythmic breathing movements but bring air into their lungs spasmodically as the need arises. Air enters the Toad’s mouth through its nostrils, and by raising the floor of its mouth, the Toad forces the air into its lungs.
This Frog goes approx 3 Minutes

But it is more difficult to breathe underwater for Toads due to their thick skin comparing frogs, which have thin mucous skin, but the amount toad inhales sufficient for their survival. Some terrestrial amphibians cannot breathe underwater, though they can hold their breath for hours as needed. But Toad can breathe underwater up to much extent.

To better understand this, let’s first examine the types of amphibians and their breathing underwater.

Three Types of Amphibians

Modern amphibians’ Lissamphibia’ comprises of three ‘Orders.’

Order of Anura

This group contains frogs and toads adapted for swimming in the water and hopping when on the ground. This order contains Toads and Frogs. They Possess Legs and lose their tails as adults. This is the largest order and many are kept as pets.

Order of Urodela

This order contains Salamanders and Newts. These are elongated with long tails and short limbs. Mostly Newts and Salamanders. Limbs and tails are in adult form. They do not have ears, they use sight for finding food.

Can Toads Breathe Underwater

Order of Gymnophiona

They have long, long bodies. The skin is fragile with various color-like markings on the skin with body light, dark brown, or dark black/dark circles without any limbs. They are generally thought of as insects or el-type creatures and are mainly present in the soil’s subsurface as they tend to age.

How Long can a Toad Stay Underwater?

There are no accurate data on how long a Toad can stay underwater. It depends on the species, underwater activity, the water temperature, the size of the toad, and other factors. When they are Underwater they breathe through their skin. Also when they are in Hibernation.

Do Toads Drink Water? 

Toads do not drink as we do; they absorb water directly through the skin in an area called the ‘drinking patch’ situated on their belly and thighs’ underside.

Can all Amphibians Breathe Underwater?

As larvae (tadpoles), all types of amphibians can breathe underwater. When they undergo metamorphosis, however, some amoebas lose their ability to breathe completely underwater.

Breathing underwater is not easy for many amoeba species, so if they are working hard, for example (to avoid a predator), they will need to go to the surface of the air. Conversely, if they are comfortable, they can meet their oxygen needs underwater.
How Does a Frog Breathe

Factors affecting the respiratory rate of Toads underwater:

Let’s take a brief look at how external factors can affect how effective the amphibian respiratory system is.

Oxygen level

Assume that the oxygen level in the water is low. In this case, the effect is to shorten the length at which toads can sink. In contrast, higher oxygen levels mean they can last longer without problems.


Both heat and cold also play a role in the toads’ ability to stay underwater. Toad maintains a high metabolism. This means that there is a greater thirst for oxygen. Coldwater reduces the rate of metabolism. Therefore, it allows for better oxygen retention, increasing the length of time toad is immersed in water.

How Toad Respiratory system Works:

Respiration – It is the process of exchanging gases between an organism and its environment – can occur independently in adult Toads or tandem in three different ways. Adult Toads breathe through their lungs and exchange gases with the lining of their skin and mouth. At the larval stage of their development, Toads lack active lungs but can take in oxygen through a set of gills.
How do Frogs Breathe

Toads when Tadpoles Through Gills

All toads undergo a process called metamorphosis, in which they enter the adult toad stage from larvae or tadpoles. For most toads species, one of these processes is to have particular functional lungs. The streets of a new hatch tadpole are outdoor. When this water passes over them, they take in oxygen. As the tadpole matures, the gills are absorbed by the body and become an integral part of the tadpole’s anatomy.

Toads Breath Through Their Lungs When

Toads rely on their lungs to breathe when they are active and need more oxygen than skin breathing. Unlike mammals that regularly inhale air into their lungs,

Toads only breathe through their lungs when necessary. Because they lack a diaphragm to help control their lung pressure, Toads use their throats, noses, and mouths together to bring in and outgases.

How do Toads Breath Through Their Skin

Moisture from the air and water around the Toad dissolves the skin’s oxygen and transports it to the blood. Although moist skin is essential for this process, Toads are not limited to breathing underwater. The Toad’s skin’s glands produce mucus that keeps the skin moist and allows it to breathe even on dry land. But these gland secretions are more in Frog as compared to Toad. That’s why the Frog is slimmer than Toad

Toads skin can absorb oxygen from water, and the mud contains moisture that enables them to breathe. Above the water, they have lungs that function

How Toads Mate:

Males attract females by splitting a bone in their throat, the hyoid, which sounds underwater. When he finds a female, he grasps her around the back with his limbs the both will flip through the water for hours until the female discharges about a hundred eggs. The male helps in fertilizing the eggs. A thick layer of skin surrounds the eggs until they are housed in honeycomb-like pockets.

What are the Bulges on a Toad’s Forehead? 

They are poisonous glands known as parotid glands and are situated behind the eyes of toads. In toads, these glands contain bufotoxin, a neurotoxin.

When a toad is under pressure, it secretes the milky bufotoxin from glands and sometimes even shoots it in the predator’s eyes or mouth. If animals try to eat them, these get very ill and sometimes die,

depending on the severity of the amount ingested and the neurotoxin’s strength.

How do Toads Swallow? Push with Their Eyeballs

Toads use their eyeballs to swallow. They eat their prey as a whole, and their eyeballs sink into their mouth and push the food down into their throat.

How do Toads Hunt and Feed?

Merging into their environment with brown or olive skin and a death-like stillness, the toads stay safe from predators and target crustaceans, fish, and invertebrates in the water. To sense prey, the nocturnal creature uses the sensory organs at fingertips. They’ll then suck the animal into their toothless, tongueless oral cavity or scoop them up with their limbs

Can Toad Drown?

Yes, toads lungs are like our lungs, and if their lungs get filled with water, they can drown just like us. Toads can also breathe through their skin. Toad needs to keep their skin moist to breathe, so if their skin becomes dry, they cannot absorb oxygen. They use their skin to absorb oxygen in the water, but they will drown if there is not enough oxygen.

Differentiate between Toads and Frogs:

Most frogs have very long legs and smooth skin, which is covered in mucus. Toads usually have short legs and rovers, thick skins. And while toads usually lay their eggs in long straps, frogs lay their eggs in clusters that resemble clusters of grapes.

Texture of Toads Skin

If there was ever a story sign to tell you which amphibian you were looking at, it was their skin texture. Frogs are smooth and thin skin, which looks wet even when out of water. Toads practically always have dry and thick skin


If you’ve seen an amphibian making its way along the floor or walking through some grass, chances are it’s a toad. Toads compete much better in dry conditions than frogs, which prefer to live in water

Toads have Short Legs / Hopping

Frogs have long legs and long, which are made for hopping. On the other hand, toad legs are very short and prefer to rotate rather than hop.

Toads not as Streamlined in Shape as Frogs

The frogs look athletic, while the toads are a bit squat and dumpy. Their faces are also different. Frogs have pointed noses while tadpoles have very wide noses.

Toad’s Eggs

Spawn is another crucial indicator of what species you are looking for. The frogspawn is housed in gooey clips, while the toad spawn floats in tight lengths.

Toad Tadpoles

Frog tadpoles are slender, and toad tadpoles are sharp. The frog tadpoles are also covered in gold flakes, while the toad tadpoles are plain black.


Toads are Amphibians, they when babies have gills, as they get older thet are able to breathe through their skin. Their lungs are not developed well. So use a combination of Methods to breathe.

Frogs/Toads Habitat and Facts

Amphibian Type TypeFoodsAdult SizeVivarium TypeEggs / LiveTemperament
Aggressive - Eat Young
Country OriginPrice
Surinam ToadCarnivorous8"Aquatic100 EggsAggressiveSouth America$ 49.99
Dwarf Clawed FrogCarnivorous1.5"Semi-Aquatic750-1000 EggsSocialAfrica$ 19.50
African Clawed FrogCarnivorous5"Aquatic1000-2000 EggsAggressiveAfrica$ 19.50
European Common FrogCarnivorous4"Semi-Aquatic400-1000 EggsSocialEurope, Central Asia$ 69.99
Leopard FrogCarnivorous3.5"Semi-Aquatic400-1000 EggsAggressiveCanada, Mexico$ 39.99
Ornate Horned FrogCarnivorous5"Tropical Woodland1000 EggsAggressiveArgentina$ 64.99
Painted FrogCarnivorous3"Semi-Aquatic500 EggsAggressiveAsia$ 29.99
Marble FrogInsects2.5"Tropical Woodland200 EggsSocialAfrica?
Southern Tomato FrogCarnivorous4"Tropical Woodland1000 EggsAggressiveAfrica$ 29.99
Golden Mantella FrogInsects1.5"Tropical Woodland20-30 EggsAggressiveAfrica$ 69.99
Poison Arrow frogsInsects1.5"Tropical Woodland5-10 EggsSocialSouth Amewrica$ 44 - $ 99
Eurasian Green Tree FrogInsects2"Tropical Woodland200 EggsAggressiveEurope?
American Green Tree FrogInsects1.5"Tropical Woodland700 EggsAggressiveUSA$ 9.99
American Gray Tree FrogInsects2"Tropical Woodland2000 EggsAggressiveUSA$ 19.99
Red Eyed Tree FrogInsects3"Semi-Aquatic75 EggsAggressiveCentral America$ 49 - $ 174
Red Crevice CreeperCarnivorous2"Semi-Aquatic600 EggsSocialAfrica?
White's Tree FrogCarnivorous4.5"Tropical Woodland150 EggsAggressiveAustralia$ 49 - $ 108
Asian Tree FrogInsects3"Tropical Woodland20-60 EggsAggressiveAsia?
Couche's Spadefoot ToadInsects3"Savannah200-250 EggsAggressiveEurope$ 19.99
Common European ToadCarnivorous6"Temperature Woodland2,000 - 10,000 EggsAggressiveEurope Asia$ 9.99
American ToadCarnivorous3.5Temperature Woodland4,000 - 8,000 EggsAggressiveUSA$ 9.99
Green ToadCarnivorous6"Temperature Woodland12,000 - 18,000 EggsAggressiveAfrica, ASIA$ 11.99
American Green ToadInsects2"Temperature Woodland150 EggsSocialUSA$ 11.99
Red Spotted ToadInsects3"Savannah2000 EggsAggressiveUSA, Mexico$ 9.99
Oak ToadInsects1"Temperature Woodland500-800 EggsSocialNorth America$ 8.99
Giant ToadCarnivorous10"Temperature Woodland20,000-30,000 EggsAggressiveAustralia$ 49.99
Oriental Fire Bellied ToadInsects2"Semi-aquatic300 EggsSocialChina, Korea, USSR$ 15 - $ 25
European Fire Bellied ToadInsects2"Semi-aquatic80-140 EggsSocialEurope$ 99
Yellow Bellied ToadInsects2"Semi-aquatic25-150 EggsSocialEurope$ 49.99
American Bull FrogCarnivorous8"Semi-aquatic12,000-25,000AggressiveNorth America$ 9.99
African Bull FrogCarnivorous8"Savannah10,000 - 12,000 EggsAggressiveAfrica$ 9.99
Asiatic Horned ToadInsects6"Tropical Woodland500-700 EggsAggressiveAsia$ 9.99
Amphibian Type
Adult Size

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